Blue cap mushroom

Added: Clarance Mcmullan - Date: 21.01.2022 18:22 - Views: 34454 - Clicks: 6384

Blue cap mushroom

This website uses cookies and similar technologies to deliver its services, to analyse and improve performance and to provide personalised content and advertising. Information about your use of this website will be shared with Google and other third parties. Read our privacy policy. Exactly why magic mushrooms go blue when cut was something of a chemical puzzle. Why do magic mushrooms turn blue when they are cut?

Chemists have now unravelled this decade-old mystery, in the process revealing that the dark blue pigments at the centre of the mystery are similar to indigothe dye used to produce blue jeans. Magic mushrooms or Psilocybe are fungi producing the psychotropic compounds psilocybin and psilocin.

They are one of several species that instantly develop a blue coloration when they are cut or bruised.

Blue cap mushroom

In Boletales mushrooms, oxidised gyrocyanin or pulvinic acid are the source of the blue colour. research had established that the blue colour was caused by oxidised psilocybin, but the nature of the pigment and the biochemical pathway producing it had remained elusive.

Blue cap mushroom

Magic mushrooms contain a of psychotropic compounds including psilocybin and psilocin. Growing the mushrooms in their lab, they had seen the mysterious blueing reaction countless times. But when they tried to extract and purify the blue compound, they failed. The researchers dug deep into the analytical toolbox with liquid chromatography—mass spectrometry, Maldi mass spectrometry, infrared spectroscopy, as well as time-resolved nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to observe the compounds as they form.

The pigment, as it turns out, is not just a single compound but a complex mixture of linked psilocybin oxidation products. Most of them are quinoid psilocyl oligomers — compounds not unlike indigo, a deep blue pigment used to dye jeans. All of the six mushroom pigments the team identified are products of a cascade reaction starting with psilocybin. A phosphatase enzyme takes off its phosphate group, converting it into psilocin.

An oxidising laccase then creates psilocyl radicals, which combine to form C-5 coupled subunits and then further polymerise via C Proposed reaction scheme for the conversion of psilocybin into blue pigments. What exactly the blue pigments do, however, remains a mystery. The compounds might produce reactive oxygen species, which are toxic to any insect nibbling on the mushrooms. Winter agrees. C Lenz et alAngew. David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian honoured for discovery of ion channels activated by temperature and mechanical force.

Second record for iron complex as chemical shift beyond —10,ppm discovered in phosphorus atoms directly bound to the metal.

Blue cap mushroom

Site powered by Webvision Cloud. References C Lenz et alAngew.

Blue cap mushroom

Topics Biochemistry Biology blue fungi Life magic mushrooms mushrooms psilocybin. Related articles. Research Cracking the mushroom glow mystery TZ A Japanese researcher believes he has solved part of the puzzle of fungal bioluminescence. Load more articles. You're not ed in. To link your comment to your profile, in now. Only registered users can comment on this article. in Register. More News.

Blue cap mushroom

Research Science behind sense of touch and temperature wins medicine Nobel prize TZ David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian honoured for discovery of ion channels activated by temperature and mechanical force. Research Record NMR shift in metal-bound phosphorus TZ Second record for iron complex as chemical shift beyond —10,ppm discovered in phosphorus atoms directly bound to the metal.

Blue cap mushroom

News ResearchGate pullsfiles from its site, amid publisher pressure TZ Elsevier and ACS demanded removal of of research articles for infringing copyright. Subscribe Advertise Topics Issues Contributors.

Blue cap mushroom

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